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e n glisch - h ilf e n .d e – LEARN I N G EN GLI SH ON LI N E Ex a m ple s Ex a m ple s Ex a m ple s Te nse Signa l w ...

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englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE Tense

Signal words

Use

Form

Examples affirmative

Examples negative

Examples interrogative

I work.

I don't work.

Do I work?

He works.

He doesn't work.

Does he work?

I go.

I don't go.

Do I go?

He goes.

He doesn't go.

Does he go?

I'm working.

I'm not working.

Am I working?

He's working.

He isn't working.

Is he working?

I'm going.

I'm not going.

Am I going?

He's going.

He isn't going.

Is he going?

I worked.

I didn't work.

Did I work?

He worked.

He didn't work.

Did he work?

I didn't go.

Did I go?

He didn't go.

Did he go?

every day sometimes always Simple Present

often usually

• • • • • •

seldom

something happens repeatedly how often something happens one action follows another infinitive things in general with verbs like (to love, to he/she/it: hate, to think, etc.) infinitive + s future meaning: timetables, programmes

never first ... then now Present Progressive

at the moment Look!

• •

something is happening at the same time of speaking or around it future meaning: when you have already decided and arranged to do it (a fixed plan, date)

be (am/are/is) + infinitive + ing

Listen! last ... Simple Past

... ago in 1990 yesterday

action took place in the past, mostly connected with an expression of time (no connection to the present)

regular: infinitive + ed

irregular: I went. (2nd column of table of irregular verbs) He went.

englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE

englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE • Past Progressive

• while

an action happened in the middle of another action someone was doing sth. at a certain time (in the past) - you was/were + infinitive + ing don't know whether it was finished or not

I was working.

I wasn't working.

Was I working?

He was working.

He wasn't working.

Was he working?

I was going.

I wasn't going.

Was I going?

He was going.

He wasn't going.

Was he going?

I have worked.

I haven't worked.

Have I worked?

He has worked.

He hasn’t worked.

Has he worked?

I have gone.

I haven't gone.

Have I gone?

He has gone.

He hasn’t gone.

Has he gone?

I have been working.

I haven't been working.

Have I been working?

He has been working.

He hasn't been working.

Has he been working?

I have been going.

I haven't been going. Have I been going?

He has been going.

He hasn't been going.

just yet never ever Simple Present Perfect



already so far,



you say that sth. has happened or is finished in the past and it has a connection to the present action started in the past and continues up to the present

up to now,

have/has + past participle* *(infinitive + ed) or (3rd column of table of irregular verbs)

since for recently all day the whole day Present Perfect how long Progressive since for

• •

action began in the past and has just stopped how long the action has been happening

emphasis: length of time of an action

have/has + been + infinitive + ing

englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE

Has he been going?

englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE • already Simple Past Perfect

just never

how long Past Perfect Progressive

since for



how long something had been happening before something else happened

• • will - future •

• going to future

mostly when two actions in a story are related to each other: the action which had already happened is put into Past Perfect, the other action into Simple Past the past of the Present Perfect



predictions about the future (you think that sth will happen) you decide to do sth. spontaneously at the time of speaking main clause in type I of the Conditional sentences

had + past participle* *(infinitive + ed) or (3rd column of table of irregular verbs)

had + been + infinitive + ing

I had worked.

I hadn't worked.

Had I worked?

He had worked.

He hadn't worked.

Had he worked?

I had gone.

I hadn't gone.

Had I gone?

He had gone.

He hadn't gone.

Had he gone?

I had been working.

I hadn't been working.

Had I been working?

He had been working.

He hadn't been working.

Had he been working?

I had been going.

I hadn't been going.

Had I been going?

He had been going.

He hadn't been going.

Had he been going?

I'll work.

I won't work.

Will I work?

He'll work.

He won't work.

Will he work?

I'll go.

I won't go.

Will I go?

He'll go.

He won't go.

Will he go?

I'm going to work.

I'm not going to work.

Am I going to work?

He's going to work.

He's not going to work.

Is he going to work?

I'm going to go.

I'm not going to go.

Am I going to go?

He's going to go.

He's not going to go.

Is he going to go?

will + infinitive

when you have already decided to do sth. in the future be (am/are/is) + what you think what will going to + infinitive happen

englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE

englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE • Future Progressive

Future Perfect Simple

Future Perfect Progressive

Conditional Simple



An action will be in progress at a certain time in the future. This action has begun before will + be + infinitive the certain time. Something happens because it + ing normally happens.

will + have + past participle* sth. will already have happened before a certain time in the future

sth. will already have happened before a certain time in the future emphasis: length of time of an action

• •

sth. that might happen main clause in type II of the Conditional sentences

*(infinitive + ed) or (3rd column of table of irregular verbs)

will + have + been + infinitive + ing

I'll be working.

I won't be working.

Will I be working?

He'll be working.

He won't be working. Will he be working?

I'll be going.

I won't be going.

Will I be going?

He'll be going.

He won't be going.

Will he be going?

I'll have worked.

I won't have worked. Will I have worked?

He'll have worked.

He won't have worked.

Will he have worked?

I'll have gone.

I won't have gone.

Will I have gone?

He'll have gone.

He won't have gone.

Will he have gone?

I'll have been working.

I won't have been working.

Will I have been working?

He'll have been working.

He won't have been working.

Will he have been working?

I'll have been going.

I won't have been going.

Will I have been going?

He'll have been going.

He won't have been going.

Will he have been going?

I would work.

I wouldn't work.

Would I work?

He would work.

He wouldn't work.

Would he work?

I would go.

I wouldn't go.

Would I work?

He would go.

He wouldn't go.

Would he work?

would + infinitive

englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE

englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE

sth. that might happen Conditional Progressive

emphasis: length of time of an action

• Conditional Perfect

Conditional Perfect Progressive



would + be + infinitive + ing

would + have + past sth. that might have happened participle* in the past main clause in type III of the *(infinitive + ed) or Conditional sentences (3rd column of table of irregular verbs)

sth. that might have happened in the past emphasis: length of time of an action

would + have + been + infinitive + ing

I would be working.

I wouldn't be working.

Would I be working?

He would be working.

He wouldn't be working.

Would he be working?

I would be going.

I wouldn't be going.

Would I be going?

He would be going.

He wouldn't be going.

Would he be going?

I would have worked.

I wouldn't have worked.

Would I have worked?

He would have worked.

He wouldn't have worked.

Would he have worked?

I would have gone.

I wouldn't have gone.

Would I have gone?

He would have gone.

He wouldn't have gone.

Would he have gone?

I would have been working.

I wouldn't have been Would I have been working. working?

He would have been working.

He wouldn't have been working.

I would have been going.

I wouldn't have been Would I have been going. going?

He would have been going.

He wouldn't have been going.

Would he have been working?

Would he have been going?

We sometimes use Continuous instead of Progressive. Some signal words can be found in more tenses. We did not list signal words in the future. Always remember what action is described. Used colours: blue → infinitive grey → irregular verbs in the Simple Past red → negation

→ auxiliary → ending

→ past participle → signal word

dark green

purple

orange

light green

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