Www.englisch-hilfen.de en Grammar Tenses Table | Perfect (Grammar ...

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englisch-hilfen. de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE Tense Signal words every day. Use. Form. Examples affirmative. Examples ...

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englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE Tense

Signal words

Use

Examples affirmative

Examples negative

Examples interrogative

I work.

I don't work.

Do I work?

Infinitive

He works.

He doesn't work.

Does he work?

he/she/it + -s

I go.

I don't go.

Do I go?

He goes.

He doesn't go.

Does he go?

I'm working.

I'm not working.

Am I working?

He's working.

He isn't working.

Is he working?

I'm going.

I'm not going.

Am I going?

He's going.

He isn't going.

Is he going?

I worked.

I didn't work.

Did I work?

He worked.

He didn't work.

Did he work?

I went.

I didn't go.

Did I go?

He went.

He didn't go.

Did he go?

Form

every day

something happens repeatedly sometimes how often something happens always one action follows another Simple Present

often things in general usually seldom never

with the following verbs (to love, to hate, to think, etc.) future meaning: timetables, programmes

first ... then now

Present Progressive

at the moment Look! Listen!

something is happening at the same time of speaking or around it future meaning: when you have already decided and arranged to do it (a fixed plan, date)

to be (am/are/is) + Infinitive + ing

last ...

Simple Past

... ago in 1990 yesterday

action took place in the past, mostly connected with an expression of time (no connection to the present)

regular: Infinitive + -ed irregular: 2. Spalte

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englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE an action happened in the middle of another action Past Progressive

while

was/were + someone was doing sth. at a Infinitive + -ing certain time (in the past) - you don't know whether it was finished or not

I was working.

I wasn't working.

Was I working?

He was working.

He wasn't working.

Was he working?

I was going.

I wasn'tgoing.

Was I going?

He was going.

He wasn't going.

Was he going?

I have worked.

I haven't worked.

Have I worked?

He has worked.

He hasn’t worked.

Has he worked?

I have gone.

I haven't gone.

Have I gone?

He has gone.

He hasn’t gone.

Has he gone?

I have been working.

I haven't been working.

Have I been working?

He has been working.

He hasn't been working.

Has he been working?

I have been going.

I haven't been going. Have I been going?

He has been going.

He hasn't been going.

just yet never ever Simple Present Perfect

already so far, up to now,

you say that sth. has happened or is finished in the past and it has a connection to the present action started in the past and continues up to the present

have/has + past participle* *(infinitive + -ed) or (3rd column of table of irregular verbs)

since for recently all day the whole day Present Perfect Progressive

how long since for

action began in the past and has just stopped how long the action has been happening emphasis: length of time of an action

have/has + been + Infinitive + -ing

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Has he been going?

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already Simple Past Perfect

just never

how long Past Perfect Progressive

since for

mostly when two actions in a story had + past are related to each other: the participle* action which had already happened is put into past perfect, the other *(infinitive + -ed) or action into simple past (3rd column of table of irregular verbs) the past of the Present Perfect

how long something had been happening before something else happened

had + been + Infinitive + ing

predictions about the future (you think that sth will happen) will - future

going to - future

will + Infinitive you decide to do sth. spontaneously at the time of speaking, you haven't made a main clause in type I of the if clauses

when you have already decided to do sth. in the future what you think what will happen

be (am/are/is) + going to + Infinitive

I had worked.

I hadn't worked.

Had I worked?

He had worked.

He hadn't worked.

Had he worked?

I had gone.

I hadn't gone.

Had I gone?

He had gone.

He hadn't gone.

Had he gone?

I had been working.

I hadn't been working.

Had I been working?

He had been working.

He hadn't been working.

Had he been working?

I had been going.

I hadn't been going.

Had I been going?

He had been going.

He hadn't been going.

Had he been going?

I'll work.

I won't work.

Will I work?

He'll work.

He won't work.

Will he work?

I'll go.

I won't go.

Will I go?

He'll go.

He won't go.

Will he go?

I'm going to work.

I'm not going to work.

Am I going to work?

He's going to work.

He's not going to work.

Is he going to work?

I'm going to go.

I'm not going to go.

Am I going to go?

He's going to go.

He's not going to go. Is he going to go?

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Future Progressive

Future Perfect Simple

Future Perfect Progressive

I'll be working. An action will be in progress at a certain time in the future. This He'll be working. action has begun before the certain will + be + Infinitive time. + ing I'll be going. Something happens because it normally happens. He'll be going. will + have + past participle* sth. will already have happened before a certain time in the future

sth. will already have happened before a certain time in the future emphasis: length of time of an action

*(infinitive + -ed) or (3rd column of table of irregular verbs)

will + have + been + Infinitive + ing

sth. that might happen Conditional Simple

main clause in type II of the if clauses

I won't be working.

Will I be working?

He won't be working. Will he be working? I won't be going.

Will I be going?

He won't be going.

Will he be going?

I'll have worked.

I won't have worked. Will I have worked?

He'll have worked.

He won't have worked.

Will he have worked?

I'll have gone.

I won't have gone.

Will I have gone?

He'll have gone.

He won't have gone.

Will he have gone?

I'll have been working.

I won't have been working.

Will I have been working?

He'll have been working.

He won't have been working.

Will he have been working?

I'll have been going.

I won't have been going.

Will I have been working?

He'll have been going.

He won't have been going.

Will he have been working?

I would work.

I wouldn't work.

Would I work?

He would work.

He wouldn't work.

Would he work?

I would go.

I wouldn't go.

Would I work?

He would go.

He wouldn't go.

Would he work?

would + Infinitive

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englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE I would be working.

I wouldn't be working.

Would I be working?

He would be working.

He wouldn't be working.

Would he be working?

I would be going.

I wouldn't be going.

Would I be going?

He would be going.

He wouldn't be going.

Would he be going?

I would have worked.

I wouldn't have worked.

Would I have worked?

would + have + past He would have participle* worked.

He wouldn't have worked.

Would he have worked?

*(infinitive + -ed) or (3rd column of table of irregular verbs)

I would have gone.

I wouldn't have gone.

Would I have gone?

He would have gone.

He wouldn't have gone.

Would he have gone?

I would have been working.

I wouldn't have been Would I have been working. working?

He would have been going.

He wouldn't have been going.

I would have been going.

I wouldn't have been Would I have been going. going?

He would have been going.

He wouldn't have been going.

sth. that might happen Conditional Progressive

emphasis: length of time of an action

sth. that might have happened in the past Conditional Perfect

(It's too late now.) main clause in type III of the if clauses

would + be + Infinitive + ing

sth. that might have happened in the past Conditional Perfect Progressive

(It's too late now.) emphasis: length of time of an action

would + have + been + Infinitive + ing

Would he have been working?

Would he have been going?

We sometimes use Continuous instead of Progressive. Some signal words can be found in more tenses. We did not list signal words in the future . Always remember what action is described.

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